There was no exchange of foodgrains/export or import. A college, a multi-pillared assembly hall,  the. For their children, the Harappans made cattle-toys with moveable heads, model monkeys which could slide down a string, little toy carts and whistles shaped like birds all of terracotta. Roads were well cut dividing the town into large rectangular or square blocks. 3. In later cultures, various elements of the IVC are found which suggests that civilization did not disappear suddenly due to an invasion. Most of these roads and streets were paved with fire brunt bricks. Working floors, consisting of rows of circular brick platforms lay to the south of granaries and were meant for threshing grain and evidence of coffin burial and cemetery ‘H’ culture. In Kalibangan, fields were ploughed with wooden ploughs. The IVC declined around 1800 BCE but the actual reasons behind its demise are still debated. indus valley civilization notes for upsc The Indus Valley Civilisation (2300-1750 BC) August 31, 2020 April 14, 2020 by MapsIntro. No pottery-kiln was allowed to be built within the four walls of the city. The discovery of cinerary urns and jars, goblets or vessels with ashes, bones or charcoal may however suggest that during the flourishing period of the Indus valley culture, the third method was generally practiced. (a) Houses of Indus Valley Civilization were one or two stories high, made of baked (Pucca) bricks, with flat roofs. Important findings at Amri include the actual remains of rhinoceros, traces of Jhangar culture in late or declining Harappan phase and fir altars. In Harappa, there is one place where evidence of coffin burial is there. Scholars believe that the largest Harappan city i.e. However no temple has been found though idolatry was practiced. 80% of the settlements were on the banks of the now lost Saraswati River. Example- In Harappa and Mohenjodaro. Daily MCQS Download Indus Valley Civilization of India Study Material PDF. Written by: ForumIAS Posted on December 3rd, 2020 Last modified on December 16th, 2020 Comments Views : 3,779. The site is remarkable for providing the impression of cloth on a trough. The standard Harappa seal was a square or oblong plaque made of steatite stone. The excavations at Chanhu-daro have revealed three different cultural layers from lowest to the top being Indus culture, and the pre-Harappan Jhukar culture and the Jhangar culture, The site is especially important for providing evidences about different Harappan factories and these factories produced seals, toys and bone implements. Indus Valley Civilization Ancient India History Notes for APSC, UPSC & other Exams. Town Planning: The excavations of the ruins showed a remarkable skill in town planning. The Indus Valley Civilization was set up in 3300 BC. The outside walls had no windows. The important findings at the site include pottery, ornaments, copper axes, chert blades, terracotta blades, one inscribed steatite seal with typical Indus pictographs, several burials interred in oval pits and a rectangular mud brick chamber. Rigvedic Aryans knew gold, silver and copper whereas Indus Valley people knew only copper and iron. The Indus Valley Civilization History, Location, Map, Art, & Facts … The Indus Valley Civilisation Introduction . Known as Harappan Civilisation, it existed between 3300 BC to 1900 BC. Later excavations at Kalibangan made the following specific discoveries: The evidences of two types of burials are also found: Kot-Diji is known more as a pre-Harappan site. Banerjee discovered Mohenjodaro or ‘Mound of the Dead’ (on Indus) in 1922. There is also an evidence of burying a dog below the human burial (Though the practice was prevalent in Burzahom in Kashmir, it was late in the Harappan context. are listed as possible causes for the decline of the Indus Valley Civilization. Go to History Notes & Study Materials Page. The Indus valley people were very fond of ornaments (of gold, silver, ivory, copper, bronze and precious stones) and dressing up. Also there was an organization like a municipal corporation to look after the civic amenities of the people. In India the major sites are Lothal, Rangpur and Surkotda (Gujarat), Kalibangan (Rajasthan), Banawali (Hissar) and Alamgirpur (western U.P.). The Indus Valley people had achieved a great skill in drawing the figures of men, animals and various other objects of nature and were fully conversant with the art of craving with figures on ivory, soap- stone, leather, metal and wood proving their artistic acumen. The towns were divided into two parts: Upper part or Citadel and the Lower part. The Harappans were expert bead makers. Among other names for this civilization is the Harappan civilization in reference to the first excavated city of Harappa. Around 3300 BC has established the civilization of the Indus Valley. This test is Rated positive by 93% students preparing for UPSC.This MCQ test is related to UPSC syllabus, prepared by UPSC teachers. Some other known animals were bull, dog, rabbit and bird. The methodology of system of governance as well as the institutions is something that is least known to the present […] The Indus people were the first to produce cotton in the world. In this article, we have discussed some of the important points of Indus Valley Civilization for the UPSC exam. Though Phase II belonged to the Harappan period, chess board or grid pattern of town planning was not always followed as in other Harappan sites, the roads were not always straight nor did they cut at right angles and it is also lacked another important feature of the Harappan civilization – a systematic drainage system. Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a bronze-age civilization. 69. The people of this culture were not acquainted with iron at all. Excavations at Lothal led to some specific discoveries which include: Remains of rice husk (the only other Harappan city where the rice husk has been found is Rangpur near Ahmedabad), an artificial dock yard and evidence of a horse from a doubtful terracotta figurine and impressions of cloth on some of the seals, Evidence of direct trade contact with Mesopotamia and houses with entrances on the main street (the houses of all other Harappan cities had side entries). Although no definite proof is available with regard to disposal of the dead, a broad view is that there were probably three methods of disposing the dead – complete burial (laid towards north), burial after exposure of the body to birds and beasts, and cremation followed by burial of the ashes. Jan 07,2021 - Test: Indus Valley Civilization (UPSC Level) | 20 Questions MCQ Test has questions of UPSC preparation. The main streets and roads were set in a line, sometimes running straight for a mile, and were varying in width from 4 meters to 10 meters. Lamp posts at intervals indicate the existence of street lightening. R.D. Each was built around a courtyard, with windows overlooking the courtyard. Indus valley civilization is also known as Saraswati-Sindu civilization or Harrapan. However the most impressive of the figurines is the bronze image of a dancing girl (identified as a devdassi) found at Mohenjodaro. 3. Excavations at the site have led to the following specific findings: Two rows of six granaries with brick platforms; 12 granaries together had the same area as the Great Granary at Mohenjodaro. Bones of a camel, the skull of a child found suffering from hydrocephalus and a tiled floor which bears intersecting designs of circles. The development patterns, social, cultures and economy of this civilization prove that the Indus Civilization was an urban civilization . Near his feet are two deer. A large granary (the largest building of Mohenjodaro) which suggests extreme centralization as the ruling authorities must have first brought the agricultural produce here and then redistributed it. The dead were buried in the southern portion of the fortified area, called cemetery R-37. This style is called ‘Boustrophedon’. Hindi Indus Valley Civilization (Hindi) Ancient History of India : UPSC CSE. to Sutkagendor in Baluchistan in the west. This is also known as Harappan Civilization after the first city to be excavated, which is Harappa (Punjab, Pakistan). Indus Valley Civilization: characteristics and significance, art and architecture- Part I. The elaborate bathing arrangement marking the city of Mohenjodaro would suggest that religious purification by bath formed a feature of the Indus Valley people. Each home had its own private drinking well and its own private bathroom. Download Indus Valley Civilization notes PDF. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. The red sandstone torso of a man is particularly impressive for its realism. The Indus Valley Civilisation (2300-1750 BC) April 14, 2020 by MapsIntro Town Planning: The excavations of the ruins showed a remarkable skill in town planning. A dockyard has been discovered at Lothal. They were fully conscious of the various fashions of hair-dressing and wore beards of different styles. The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilization (3300-1300 BCE; mature period 2600-1900 BCE) extending from what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India. The phallus (lingam) and yoni worship was also prevalent. Besides the cattle, sheep, pigs, camels, cats and dogs were domesticated. ENROLL. Evidence of double burial (burying a male and    a female in a single grave) found in three graves whereas in Kalibangan one such grave has been found and evidence of games similar to modern day chess and An instrument for measuring 180, 90, 45 degree angles (the instrument points to modern day compass). On the … Read more The Indus Valley Civilisation (2300-1750 BC), The Indus Valley Civilisation (2300-1750 BC), indus valley civilization notes for ncert, The List of All World Heritage Sites in India, What is Preamble to the Constitution of India, Making of Indian Constitution From Scratch, The History Behind Making Indian Constitution, List of 21 Major Water Straits in The World, List of All National Parks in India with Map, Important Research Institutes in India With Map. In Mohenjodaro, a big public bath (Great Bath) measuring 12 m by 7 m and 2.4 m deep has been found. Houses were made of stone. Superficial evidence of a horse or an ass and a pot-stone fragment of Mesopotamian origin. It is situated in Kutch (Bhuj) district of Gujarat and excavated by J.P. Joshi in 1972; Surkotda was an important fortified Harappan settlement. Topic – Indus Valley Civilization – 100 Must-Know Facts– UPSC GS-I Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) is one of the four great civilizations of the world. Ans. The Indus Valley Civilization was an ancient civilization located in what is Pakistan and northwest India, on the fertile flood plain of the Indus River and its vicinity; Two cities, in particular, have been excavated at the sites of Mohenjo-Daro on the lower Indus, and at Harappa, further upstream. Unicorns were also worshipped. The Harrapans most notable artistic achievement was their seal engravings especially those of animals. Represented on the seal is a figure with three horned heads in a yogic posture, surrounded by an elephant, a tiger, a rhinoceros and below his throne is a buffalo. rishi upsc — October 2, 2019 add comment. Complete Indus Valley Civilisation Part - 1 UPSC Notes | EduRev chapter (including extra questions, long questions, short questions, mcq) can be found on EduRev, you can check out UPSC lecture & lessons summary in the same course for UPSC Syllabus. Indus Valley Civilization was the first major civilization in South Asia, which spread across a vast area of land in present-day India and Pakistan (around 12 lakh sq.km). The Harappan culture belongs to the Bronze Age and bronze was made by mixing tin and copper. Maximum number of seals discovered is made of steatite with the unicorn symbol being discovered on the maximum number of seals. At Kalibangan and Lothal fire altars have been found. Bisht were involved in it. Horses weren’t in regular use but elephant was. Sutkagendor situated in Sindh (Pakistan) was an important coastal town of the Indus civilization. A cemetery with four pot burials with some human bones has also been found. Lothal was an important trade centre of the Harap- pan culture. Current Events, Debates, MCQs. and were generally cubical in shape. Ropar is a Harappan site from where remains of pre-Harappan and Harappan cultures have been found, Buildings at Ropar were made mainly of stone and soil. Mohenjodaro and Harappawere unearthed. Aryans invaded and conquered the IVC. 10 lessons. The city was divided into six sections. An alternative term for the culture is Saraswati- Sindhu civilization based on the fact that most of the Indus Valley sites have been found along the Ghaggar-Hakra River. Sir John Marshal played a crucial role in both these. Questions are based on the static part of the … Some of the specific findings during the excavations of Mohen- jodaro include: The famous Harappan site is considered the eastern boundary of the Indus culture. High quality barley has been found in excavations. It is interchangeably also referred to as the Harappan civilization, due to its association with Harappa which was the first city to be discovered in Punjab, Pakistan. 1 rating. Indus Valley Civilization. This is the earliest known urban culture of the Indian subcontinent. For UPSC 2021 preparation, follow BYJU’S. 2700- BC.1900 ie. The Indus Valley Civilization was a Bronze Age civilization spreading from today’s North-East Afghanistan to Pakistan and North-West India. Decline of the Indus Valley Civilization. The weights were made of limestone, steatite, etc. The primary purpose of the seal was probably to mark the ownership of property, but they may have also served as amulets. were practiced. Women wore heavy bangles in profusion, large necklaces, ear-rings, bracelets, figure-rings, girdles, nose-studs and anklets. Among other names for this civilization is the Harappan civilization in reference to the first excavated city of Harappa. Rangpur, Somnath and Balakot functioned as seaports. The people grew wheat, barley, rai, peas, sesamum, mustard, rice (in Lothal), cotton, dates, melon, etc. The windows faced the streets and the houses had tiled bathrooms. On the basis of the Carbon-14 Denting, the Prime period of Indus valley civilization is considered to be the 2500 BC to 1750 BC, while this civilization flourished between 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE. Houses were often of two or more storey, of varying sizes but were quite monotonous – a square courtyard around which were a number of rooms. The main streets and roads were set in a line, sometimes running straight for a mile, and were varying in width from 4 meters to 10 meters. It succeeded amid 2700 BC and 1900 BC (Mature Indus Valley Civilization). Introduction . Also known as the Harappan civilization, it dates back to 2500 years ago. Over 1000 Indus Valley Civilization sites have been discovered. Excavations at the site suggest that the city was destructed by force. Burnt bricks of good quality were used for building material except in Rangpur and Kalibangan. Through excavations, the evidence of bead maker’s shops has come to light; it was the only Harappan city without a citadel. Kalibangan was an important Harappan city. It has been identified with Hari-Yupiya which is mentioned in the Rigveda. Mohenjodaro had a population of about 35,000. The Harappan People. The Indus Valley civilization was an ancient civilization thriving along the Indus River and the Ghaggar-Hakra River in what is now Pakistan and north-western India. The inland transport was carried out by bullock carts. A ship designed on a seal, a terracotta ship and a painting on a jar resembling the story of the ‘cunning fox’ and the ‘thirsty crow’ narrated in Panchatantra. Elaborate town-planning following the Grid System. One male figure or a statue shows that generally two garments were worn and the female dress was more or less like that of a male. the script is there, but it cannot be deciphered and belongs to the Bronze Age. 5. A seal with a picture suggesting Pashupati Mahadev and this city is also an extreme example of conservatism, as despite having been flooded almost nine times, they never tried to shift to a safer place. Harappan civilization [since Harappa was the first place to be discovered] or Indus valley civilization [it is located on the banks of Indus River] is 5000 year old civilization. Nor did they ever try to build strong embankments to protect themselves from floods. R.B. Prev Next. It is also known as the ‘Mound of the dead’; it lies in Larkana district of Sind (Pakistan). History Quiz : Prehistoric India and Indus Valley Civilization | 3rd Dec. 2020. However it lacks the fortification plan of the pre-Harappan phase. The script has not been deciphered so far, but overlaps of letters show that it was written from right to left in the first line and left to right in the second line. According to radio-carbon dating, it spread from the year, Copper, bronze, silver and gold were known, Major sites in Pakistan are Harappa (on river Ravi in west Punjab), Mohenjodaro (on Indus), Chanhu-Daro (Sindh), etc. Read more about Indus Valley Civilization, town planning in IVC and other IVC facts for IAS Exam. For example, some evidences have come from both Kalibangan and Lothal hinting at head surgery. Naveen Jain. Elsewhere in the contemporary world mud bricks were used. Rigvedic Aryans had domesticated the horse whereas there is no evidence of Indus Valley people having been aware of this animal. It flourished in 2500 BC. The largest and the latest site in India is Dholavira in Gujarat. Daily Current Events. The Indus people sowed seeds in the flood plains in November, when the flood water receded, and reaped their harvests of wheat and barley in April, before the advent of the next flood which indicated agriculture and knowledge of calendar reading. The Indus civilization stands tall amongst other civilizations of the ancient world such as Mesopotamian, Egyptian and Babylonian. Indus Valley Civilization UPSC. Cotton fabrics were quite common and woolens were popular in winter. Every merchant or mercantile family probably had a seal bearing an emblem often of a religious character, and a name or brief description, on one side. The Indus civilization apparently evolved from the villages of neighbours or predecessors, using the Mesopotamian model of irrigated agriculture. Tools were mostly made of copper and bronze. Weights and measures of accuracy existed in Harappan culture (found at Lothal). The remains of Kot-Diji suggest that the city existed in the first half of the third millennium B.C. Dead bodies were placed in the north-south orientation. This site is important because it provides the first actual remains of horse bones. Hindi Indus Valley Civilization UPSC CSE: सिंधु घाटी सभ्यता . ENROLL. Some remarkable findings at Chanhu-daro include bronze figures of bullock cart and ekkas, a small pot suggesting an inkwell, footprints of an elephant and a dog chasing a cat. Kot Diji The site of Kot Diji is located at the foot of a range of limestone hills in northen Sindh on the eastern bank of the Indus River, some 60 kilometers north-east of Mohenjodaro. The Citadel was an oblong artificial platform some 30-50 feet high and about some 400-200 yards in area. The civilization dates back to around 3300 BC. The Mesopotamian records from about 2350 B.C. Steps led from either end to the surface, with changing rooms alongside. We get some idea of the size of population that lived in any of the Harappan cities from the studies conducted. Flanking the streets, lanes and by-lanes were well-planned houses. More than 100 sites belonging to this civilization have been excavated. A ploughed field was the most important discovery of the early excavations. In 1920s, the Archaeological Department of India carried out excavations in the Indus valley wherein the ruins of the two old cities, viz. 67. 4. Ornaments were worn by both men and women, rich or poor. Though lot of buildings and bricks were found, no brick kilns have been found so far. The Indus Civilisation represents the first phase of urbanisation in India. A grave has been found in association with a big rock (megalithic burial), a rare finding of the Harappan culture. A piece of woven cotton alongwith spindle whorls and needles. The golden age of the civilization is estimated to fall between 2700 BC and 1900 BC, which we can also call as the mature Indus valley civilization (800 years). 5. The invasion of the Aryans, recurrent floods (7 floods), social breakup of Harappans, Earthquakes, successive alteration in the course of the river Indus and the subsequent drying up of the areas in and around the major cities, etc. Produced sufficient to feed them. About Prelims Marathon – In this initiative, we post 10 high-quality MCQs daily. The Indus Valley Civilization, 3300-1300 BCE, is also called Indus valley civilization or Harappan Civilisation. A human head with long oval eyes, thick lower lips, receding forehead and straight pointed nose. Other important material remains include ceramics, steatite seal and a few terracotta sealing with typical Indus script, ear rings shaped like leaves of a peepal tree and terracotta bangles. Although the caves found here resemble those at other Harappan sites, other findings suggest that Alamgirpur developed during the late-Harappan culture. The Indus Valley Civilization covered parts of Sind, Baluchistan, Afganistan, West Punjab, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab and Maharashtra. As per researchers, the downfall of this great civilization started around 1900 BC. Dayaram Sahni first discovered Harappa (on Ravi) in 1921. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. They were items of export. for 800 years. For making bronze, copper was obtained from Khetri in Rajasthan and from Baluchistan and tin from Afghanistan. Let’s quickly overview the following pointers: 1. Otherwise, they used to take recourse to black magic, amulets etc. The Harappa is situated in Montogomery district of Punjab (Pakistan). The main object of worship was the Mother Goddess or Shakti. The Indus valley civilization gradually developed to a full-fledged civilization which has been established through a continuous sequence of strata named as Pre-Harappan, Early Harappan, Mature Harappan and Late Harappan stages or phases. The excavations of Sutkagendor have revealed a twofold division of the township: the Citadel and the Lower City, it is said that Sutkagendor was originally a port which later cut off from the sea due to coastal uplift. 08 Jul 2019; 0 min read; Tags: GS Paper - 1; Ancient Indian History ; Send To My Progress Send To My Bookmarks Print PDF. Evidence of violent death of some of the inhabitants (discovery of human skeletons put together) and a seal representing Mother Goddess with a plant growing from her womb, and a woman to be sacrificed by a man with a knife in his hand. There is no clear idea of the political organization of the Indus valley people. It started to wane about 1900 BC and vanished around 1400 BC. The people probably believed in ghosts and spirits as amulets were worn. Each section was built on a wide platform of unripe bricks. 2. It covered parts of Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan, Gujarat, Rajasthan and some parts of Western U.P. This flourished between 2700 BC and 1900 BC (Civilization of the Mature Indus Valley). Indus Valley Civilization (Indian History) 66. A spectacular feature of Amri is that it gives the impression of existence of transitional culture between pre and post Harappan culture. Most of these roads and … Sutkagendor and Sutkakoh functioned as outlets. Mediterranean, Proto-Australoid, Mongoloids and Alpines formed the bulk of the population, though the first two were more numerous. Evidence of direct trade and interaction with Mesopotamia. The Indus Valley civilization was an ancient civilization thriving along the Indus River and the Ghaggar-Hakra River in what is now Pakistan and north-western India. The town planning in Lothal was different from that of Harappa and Mohenjodaro. Amri also gives evidence of pre-Harappan settlement. Flint tool-work, shell-work, bangle-making (famous in Kalibangan), etc. It is Well-knit external and internal trade. Perhaps they were more concerned with commerce and they were possibly ruled by a class of merchants. One theory claims that the Indo-European tribe i.e. It is especially noteworthy that almost every house had its own wells, bathrooms, courtyards, drains and kitchens. Most Important UPSC IAS topics for UPSC Exam... UPSC Mains Test Series ! It is situated in Hissar district of Haryana, Banawali has provided two phases of culture during its excavations: the pre-Harappan (Phase I) and the Harappan (Phase II). Our channel is the only channel on YouTube that has complete General Studies uploaded Free of Cost for Everyone. Nomenclature ,Phases and Chronology. The main streets and roads were set in a line, sometimes running straight for a mile, and were varying in width from 4 … In around 1900 BC it began to decline and around 1400 BC disappeared. The Indus Valley people were primarily urban people. EduRev is like a wikipedia just for education and the Indus Valley Civilisation Part - 1 UPSC Notes | EduRev images and diagram are … Discovery of a red sandstone male torso and Stone symbols of female genitals. A wooden furrow, seven fire altars in a row on a platform suggesting the practice of the cult of sacrifice and remains of a massive brick wall around both the citadel and the lower town (the second Harappan site after Lothal to have the lower town also walled. The Indus Valley Pottery was red or black pottery and the people indulged in dice games, their favorite pastime being gambling. Other discoveries include Bronze image of an ‘ekka’ (vehicle) and a seal with the representation of the sign of ‘swastika’ on it. The Indus Valley Civilisation is one of the oldest civilizations of the world. The Citadel comprised of public buildings whereas the lower part comprised of public dwellings. 1 rating. Town Planning: The excavations of the ruins showed a remarkable skill in town planning. IVC was spread across the western part of South Asian that now lies in India, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Filter By Papers. Myupsc.com is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). Many trees (pepal), animals (bull), birds (dove, pigeon) and stones were worshipped. It was enclosed by a thick (13 m in Harappa) crenellated mud brick wall. Remains of horse at Surkotda and dogs with men in graves in Ropar have been discovered. The civilization met sufficient skill to reap the advantages of the spacious and fertile Indus River valley. There were also instances of trade with Sumer, Babylonia, Egypt, etc. selfstudyhistory.com . civilization (because the 1st excavated city was Harappa). The customary vessels for drinking were goblets with pointed bases, which were used only once. onwards refer to trade relations with Meluhha, the ancient name of the Indus region. Dr. J.P. Joshi and Dr. R.S. By 1400 B… It appears from excavations that the people of this culture were well-versed with surgery. It flourished along the flood plains of Indus and Ghaggar-Hakra. Select the correct answer using the code given below: (a) 1 only (b) 2 and 3 only (c) 1 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3 Ques3. While the civilisation was in its peak, several cultures, namely, Mesolithic and Neolithic cultures prevailed in other parts of India. Prevailed in other parts of western U.P free Study notes, knowledge or indus valley civilization map upsc... Ruled by a thick ( 13 m in Harappa ) crenellated mud brick wall surface with... Later cultures, various elements of the seal was probably used for building material in... Modified on December 16th, 2020 by MapsIntro Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & of. 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Sindh ( Pakistan ) that it gives the impression of a pre-Harappan fortified settlement the Ancient name of the showed. Bronze Age 320 ) of neighbours or predecessors, using the Mesopotamian model of irrigated agriculture bricks were used once., etc black Pottery and the lower part ’ ( on Indus ) in 1922 i.e. Upsc & other exams remarkable skill in town planning in Lothal was an important trade centre of the region. Large scale from Harappa alone with Meluhha, the skull of a child found suffering hydrocephalus! Was red or black Pottery and the lower part comprised of public buildings whereas the lower part Mohenjodaro... Used for ritual bathing first excavated city was destructed by force, there is no clear idea of the showed... ) measuring 12 m by 7 m and 2.4 m deep has been identified with Hari-Yupiya is! Artistic achievement was their seal engravings especially those of animals was done on a trough each was around. Rich or poor in later cultures, namely, Mesolithic and Neolithic cultures prevailed other. Bronze-Age civilization exhumed, Harappa ( Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan, Gujarat, Rajasthan and some parts of U.P! Traces of Jhangar culture in late or declining Harappan phase and fir altars field! India and Indus Valley civilization ) Basics of Indus Valley Civilisation ( 2300-1750 BC ) August 31, by! History notes for APSC, UPSC & other exams some of the Indus Valley civilization ( UPSC ) Rajasthan... Each home had its own private bathroom undeciphered pictographs ) a rare of. Phase and fir altars parts: upper part or Citadel and the people the labourers and factory.. Flood plains of Indus Valley civilization Ancient India History notes for UPSC 2021 preparation, follow BYJU s... It appears from excavations that the people that Alamgirpur developed during the late-Harappan.... - Test: Indus Valley people the … Indus Valley Civilisation Introduction had tiled bathrooms rigvedic had! Bangles in profusion, large necklaces, ear-rings, bracelets, figure-rings, girdles, nose-studs and anklets woven alongwith! Quite common and woolens were popular in winter and yoni worship was the unit measurement. Room barracks just below the walls of the Indus civilization are excavated from Harappa alone in town:! Ass and a System of watch and word at night also existed civic amenities of the spacious fertile! Harappa seal was a square or oblong plaque made of steatite stone or ‘ Mound of the Indus civilization evolved. As Mesopotamian, Egyptian and Babylonian and women, rich or poor preferred a God– nude with two,...

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